Experimental Analysis of Partially Premixed Charge in a Diesel Engine with Jatropha Oil Methyl Ester and Diesel Blends

  • S. Sendilvelan Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dr. M.G.R Educational and Research Institute, Chennai-600 095, India
  • K. Bhaskar Department Automobile Engineering, Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Thandalam, Chennai-602 105, India.
Keywords: Jetropha Methyl Ester, Diesel Engine, Emissions, Oxides of Nitrogen, Soot, Premixed Charge Compression Ignition

Abstract

Homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) is an alternative combustion process which received considerable interest to meet the stringent emission norms. One such technology developed is partially premixed charge compression ignition (PCCI) combustion mode a variant of HCCI combustion mode. In this work an attempt has been made to experimentally analyze the performance and emission characteristics with Premixed Charge Compression Ignition (PCCI) mode assisted with pilot injection. Experiments were conducted in a modified single cylinder water-cooled diesel engine employing a conceptual system known as transient state fuel induction with different modes such as diesel and biodiesel conventional mode, diesel PCCI–diesel, biodiesel PCCI-diesel and biodiesel PCCI-biodiesel modes. In the present work, diesel and jatropha methyl ester was used premixed fuel along with conventional injection of either diesel or 20% jatropha oil methyl ester blend with diesel. The results indicate that brake thermal efficiency decreases marginally as the methyl ester in the conventional and PCCI modes and HC, CO emissions are higher and soot levels are lower in the case of biodiesel PCCI-biodiesel mode.

Author Biographies

S. Sendilvelan, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dr. M.G.R Educational and Research Institute, Chennai-600 095, India

S. Sendilvelan, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dr. M.G.R Educational and Research Institute, Chennai-600 095, India, Email: sendilvelan. mech@drmgrdu.ac.in

K. Bhaskar, Department Automobile Engineering, Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Thandalam, Chennai-602 105, India.

K. Bhaskar, Department Automobile Engineering, Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Thandalam, Chennai-602 105, India. Email: kbhaskar66@ yahoo.co.in.

References

Rolf D. Reitz, Ganesh Duraisamy. Review of high efficiency and clean reactivity

controlled compression ignition (RCCI) combustion in internal combustion engines,

Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 2015, 46, 12-71.

Mohanamurugan, S. Sendilvelan, S. Emission and combustion characteristics of

different fuels in a HCCI engine, International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical

Engineering, 2011, 3(9), 279-292.

Girish, E. Bhiogade, Neeraj Sunheriya, J. Suryawanshi, G. Investigations on Premixed

Charge Compression Ignition (PCCI) Engines: A review, Fluid Mechanics

and Fluid Power, 2016, 1455-1463.

Su, H., Mosbach, S., Kraft, M., Bhave, A. et al. Two-stage Fuel Direct Injection in a

Diesel Fuelled HCCI Engine, SAE Technical Paper 2007, 2007-01-1880.

Gazis, A. Panousakis, D. Patterson, J. Chen, W.H. Chen, R. Turner, J. Using In-

Cylinder Gas Internal Energy Balance to Calibrate Cylinder Pressure Data and

Estimate Residual Gas Amount in Gasoline Homogeneous Charge Compression

Ignition Combustion. Experimental Heat Transfer, 2008, 21(4), 257-280.

Chao Jin and Zunqing Zheng. A Review on Homogeneous Charge Compression

Ignition and Low Temperature Combustion by Optical Diagnostics, Journal of

Chemistry, 2015, Article ID 910348.

Sjoberg, M.; Dec, J.E.; Hwang, W. Thermodynamic and Chemical Effects of EGR

and Its Constituents on HCCI Autoignition. Society of Automotive Engineers

technical paper series, Society of Automotive Engineers, 2007, 2007-01-0207.

Meher LC, Sagar DV, Naik SN. Technical aspects of biodiesel production by

transesterification—a review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2006,

(3), 248–68.

Murali Manohar R, Prabhahar M, Sendilvelan S. Experimental investigation

of combustion and emission characteristics of engine is fueled with diesel and

UVOME blends of B20K and B80K. European Journal of Scientific Research, 2012,

(3), 327-334.

Lin CY, Lin HA. 2006. Diesel engine performance and emission characteristics of

biodiesel characteristics of biodiesel produced by the peroxidation process, Fuel,

, 298–305.

S.H. Yoon, H.K. Suh, C.S. Lee. Effect of spray and EGR rate on the combustion

and emission characteristics of biodiesel fuel in a compression ignition engine,

Energy and Fuels 2009, 23. 1486-1493.

Khan SA, Hussain RMZ, Prasad S, Banerjee UC. Prospects of biodiesel production

from microalgae in India. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2009, 13,

–72.

Dae Sik Kim, Myung Yoon Kim, Chang Sik Lee. Effect of premixed gasoline fuel

on the combustion characteristics of compression ignition engine, Energy Fuels,

, 18, 1213–1219.

Mohammed EL-Kasaby, Medhat A. Nemit-allah. Experimental investigations of

ignition delay period and performance of a diesel engine operated with Jatropha

oil biodiesel, Alexandria Engineering Journal, 2013, 52(2) 141-149.

Ghazikhani, M. Kalateh, M.R. Toroghi, Y.K. and Dehnavi, M. An Experimental

study on the effect of premixed and equivalence ratios on CO and HC emissions

of dual fuel HCCI engine. International Journal of Mechanical Systems Sciences and

Engineering, 2009, 1(2), 81-87.

Dent, J. and Lakshminarayanan, P.A. Model for Absorption and Desorption of

Fuel Vapour by Cylinder Lubricating Oil Films and Its Contribution to Hydrocarbon

Emissions, SAE Technical Paper 1983, 830652.

Guo H, Neill W, Chippior W, Li H, Taylor JD. An Experimental and Modeling

Study of HCCI Combustion Using n-Heptane. ASME. Journal of Engineering for

Gas Turbines Power. 2009, 132(2), 2801-10.

Rao, P.V. Experimental investigation on the influence of properties of Jatropha

biodiesel on performance, combustion and emission characteristics of a DI-CI

engine. World academy of science, engineering and technology, 2011, 2011-03-23.

Stratakis GA, Stamatelos AM. Thermogravimetric analysis of soot emitted by

a modern diesel engine run on catalyst-doped fuel. Combustion Flame, 2003,

:157–69.

Published
2019-11-01
Section
Articles