Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME): Biogas Power Plant

  • Nofirman Firdaus Institut Sains & Teknologi Nasional (ISTN), Indonesia Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT), Indonesia
  • Bambang Teguh Prasetyo Institut Sains & Teknologi Nasional (ISTN), Indonesia Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT), Indonesia
  • Yoesbar Sofyan Institut Sains & Teknologi Nasional (ISTN), Indonesia Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT), Indonesia
  • Fachruddin Sireg Institut Sains & Teknologi Nasional (ISTN), Indonesia Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT), Indonesia
Keywords: Palm Oil

Abstract

Indonesia is the largest palm oil producer in the world. The palm oil mills process fresh fruit bunches (FBB) and produce two main products: Crude palm oil (CPO) and palm kernel oil (PKO). The process generates abundant waste water called palm oil mill effluent (POME). The POME is then converted into biogas through a gasification process. The biogas is used to fuel gas engine and generates electricity. This article presents the technical and economic analysis of a biogas power plant in Indonesia. Also, it analyzes waste heat recovery potential from biogas engine.

Author Biographies

Nofirman Firdaus, Institut Sains & Teknologi Nasional (ISTN), Indonesia Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT), Indonesia

Nofirman Firdaus is a lecturer in the mechanical engineering department in Institut Sains & Teknologi Nasional (ISTN). He has been working at PT. Esco Pacific for more than 11 years. He is also a certified energy manager (CEM) and energy auditor (CEA). He has a bachelor degree in mechanical engineering from ISTN and a master degree in energy management from New York Institute of Technology.

Bambang Teguh Prasetyo, Institut Sains & Teknologi Nasional (ISTN), Indonesia Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT), Indonesia

Bambang Teguh Prasetyo is a professor of mechanical engineering at Institut Sains dan Teknologi Nasional (ISTN) in Jakarta, Indonesia. He is also a senior researcher at Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT), Indonesia. He has a degree in mechanical engineering from ISTN and a degree in fluid mechanic and heat transfer from INP Grenoble (France). He also has a master degree in fluid mechanic and heat transfer and a Ph.D. degree in thermal energy from INP Grenoble (France), and Ecole Central Paris respectively.

Yoesbar Sofyan, Institut Sains & Teknologi Nasional (ISTN), Indonesia Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT), Indonesia

Yoesbar Sofyan is a mechanical engineer working for BP Indonesia. He has Ph.D. degree in heat transfer from Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, the USA.

Fachruddin Sireg, Institut Sains & Teknologi Nasional (ISTN), Indonesia Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT), Indonesia

Fachruddin Siregar is now a chief of UPDT heavy equipment of Public Work Department of Bina Marga in Rokan Hulu district, Riau province. Previously he served as an engineer in energy and mineral resources department of Rokan Hulu district government. He has a bachelor degree in mechanical engineering from University of Bung Hatta, Padang-Indonesia and a master degree in mechanical engine

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January 11, 2016

Published
2017-06-01
Section
Articles