The Study of Bio-Fuel Generation and Characteristics Analysis from Jatropha, Karanja and Styrax Officinalis L Seed Cakes

  • Minal Deshmukh School of Petroleum Engineering, MIT World Peace University, Pune, India
  • A. B. Marathe rincipal, HVPM College of Engineering, Amravati, India
  • Dinesh Bhutada School of Chemical Engineering, MIT World Peace University, Pune, India
Keywords: Jatropha seeds, karanja seeds, Styrax officinalis L seeds, Bio-fuels, Bio-mass, De-oiled seed cakes, Saccharification, Fermentation, Reaction kinetics, Transesterification.

Abstract

Because of their high oil content in the kernel and ability to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, non-edible Jatropha, Karanja, and Styrax officinalis L seeds are primarily used in biodiesel production. Outstanding demand for biodiesel, as well as a huge amount of waste, is growing year after year. As a result, the research analysis includes the hydrolysis, saccharification, and fermentation of non-edible de-oiled cakes derived from the aforementioned plants. The study research includes the generation of bio-ethanol from non-edible cakes, as well as the de-oiled seed kernel, which is incubated at 200∘C, 25∘C, 30∘C, 35∘C, with pH 4, 5, 6, 7, and a holding time of 24 hours to produce the solid fuel. The compound cake is then fermented for 72 hours at 28∘C with Saccharomyces cerevisiae with a PH range of 5 to 6, and the substrate is autoclaved for 5 minutes at 15 psi pressure. Furthermore, this research study performed centrifuge harvesting at 10,000 rpm for 10 minutes at 4∘C. The study’s findings demonstrate the time-related conversion of sugar (DNSA) and alcohol production (potassium dichromate) treatment, which outperforms the prior acid hydrolysis process.

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Author Biographies

Minal Deshmukh, School of Petroleum Engineering, MIT World Peace University, Pune, India

inal Deshmukh is working as Assistant Professor in the School of Petroleum Engineering MIT World Peace University, Pune since January 2010. She has also worked as Production Engineer in sugar Factory. She completed her PhD in 2016 and M Tech in Chemical Engineering from Pune University. She received the Bachelor in Chemical Engineering in 2005 from Marathwada University, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India. She is currently working on a DST funded project by Government of India regarding Biofuel. Her PhD work centres on “Synthesis of Biofuel and Organic Manure from Non Edible Deoiled Cake for Environmental Sustainability. Recently she is awarded with a Process Patent by Government of India based on her PhD work.

A. B. Marathe, rincipal, HVPM College of Engineering, Amravati, India

A. B. Marathe currently working as Principal, HVPM Collage of Engineering, Amravati. He has completed B. Tech (Chemical Engineering, Nagpur University), M.Tech (Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay), Ph.D. (Chemical Engineering, Nagpur University) and M.B.A. He has total 41 years of professional experience out of which 6 years in Research & Development in Industry and 35 years in academic institution as teaching faculty at various positions of Assistant Professor, Associate professor, Professor and Head of Institution. Renewal sources of materials like oils & fats, Renewal sources of energy like solar energy & bio fuels, value added products from waste, Appropriate technology are some of the areas of his studies & research. He has 04 nos. of Indian patents granted to his credit. He is fellow of Indian Institute of Engineers and member of Academic council of Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University, Amravati.

Dinesh Bhutada, School of Chemical Engineering, MIT World Peace University, Pune, India

Dinesh Bhutada completed his Bachelors and PhD in Chemical Engineering SGB Amravati University and Masters from Bharati Vidyapeeth University Pune. He is working as Associate Professor in Chemical Engineering at MIT World Peace University Pune. He is having 15 years of experience in teaching and research. He writes quite frequently for various national and international academic journals and presents research work in national and international level conferences. He is having 5 Indian Patents to his credit in area of Environmental Engineering. He has published more than 20 research papers in peer reviewed journals and conferences. He has written more than 50 articles in newspapers and magazines for spreading awareness about Environment, Career Opportunities, soft skill and employability skills.

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Published
2021-07-19
Section
Articles