Design and Feasibility Analysis of Hybrid Energy-Based Electric Vehicle Charging Station
Mobility has been changing precipitously in recent years. With the increasing number of electric vehicles (EV), travel-sharing continues to grow, and ultimately, autonomous vehicles (AV) move into municipal fleets. These changes require a new, distributed, digitalised energy system, maintenance, and growing electrification in transportation. This paper proposes the designing of an Electric Vehicle Charging Station (EVCS) by using hybrid energy sources such as solar PV, wind, and diesel generator. The proposed system is mathematically modelled and designed using the Hybrid Optimization Model for Multiple Energy Resources (HOMER). The system is analysed and assessed in both autonomous mode and grid-connected mode of operation. The optimum sizing, energy yields of the system in each case is elaborated, and the best configuration is found for design. The variations in Levelized Cost Of the Energy (LCOE), Net Present Cost (NPC), initial cost, and operating cost of the various configuration are presented. From the results, it is observed that the grid-connected EVCS is more economical than the autonomous EVCS. Further, a sensitivity analysis of the EVCS is also performed.
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