Analysis of a Pre-Stressed Quadcopter Propeller Using Finite element Approach

  • Faraz Ahmad Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
  • Pushpendra Kumar Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
  • Pravin P. Patil Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India
Keywords: Quadcopter, propeller, vibration frequency, FEA and optimization

Abstract

Quadcopter, a mechatronic device is now widely used due to its simple structure and vertical take-off and landing capability. It consists of four propellers which can lift and propelled the Quadcopter in 3-D space. The difference in angular speeds of propellers works as a steering system and responsible for attitude and altitude motion. Quadcopter self weight and pay load is carried by the propellers itself, and a bad design of the propeller may lead to crack. Quadcopter propellers are also subjected to thrust force and vibration during the flight. The main objective of this study is to find out the natural failure frequency of propeller. Two types of propellers have been designed in Creo 2.0 and analyzed in Ansys 16.2 for their vibration frequencies. Both the designs are analyzed with or without the thrust force under the vibration frequency. First six vibration modes have been calculated for both the propeller designs with Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) material. The obtained simulation results have been compared and analyzed to sustain the failure frequency.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Faraz Ahmad, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

Faraz Ahmad pursuing his PhD in Mechanical Engineering. He received his master degree in CAD/CAM and Robotics from Graphic Era University, Dehradun. He was awarded by silver medal in his master degree. He has published 36 Research paper. He has been awarded with Excellent Research and Publication Award for the year 2020. His area of interest is Finite Element Analysis, Mechatronics, and CFD.

Pushpendra Kumar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

Pushpendra Kumar is working as an Associate Professor in the department of Mechanical Engineering at Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun, India. He received the Ph.D. degree in automatic control from the University of Lille, France in 2014. His research interests include Dynamics, Control, Robotics and Mechatronics.

Pravin P. Patil, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Graphic Era Deemed to be University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

Pravin P. Patil received M. Tech (Machine Design) and PhD (Mech. Engg.) degrees from the Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee. He has published more than 100 research papers in highly indexed international journals and conferences. He is on reviewer panel of various reputed International Journals in his areas of research such as IEEE/ASME Transaction of Mechatronics, ISA transactions of Elsevier etc. He is consistently involved in teaching and research since last 21 years in multidisciplinary research areas which includes Finite Element Analysis, Mechatronics, Mechanical vibration, Soft Computing Techniques, Computational statistics techniques etc.

References

Ahmed, M. F., Zafar, M. N., & Mohanta, J. C. (2020, February). Modeling and Analysis of Quadcopter F450 Frame. In 2020 International Conference on Contemporary Computing and Applications (IC3A) (pp. 196–201). IEEE.

Ahmad, F., Bhandari, A., Kumar, P., & Patil, P. P. (2019, November). Modeling and Mechanical Vibration characteristics analysis of a Quadcopter Propeller using FEA. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 577, No. 1, p. 012022). IOP Publishing.

Ahmad, F., Kumar, P., & Patil, P. P. (2018). Modeling and simulation of a quadcopter with altitude and attitude control. Nonlinear Studies, 25(2).

Ahmed, F., Kumar, P., & Patil, P. P. (2016). Modeling and simulation of a quadcopter UAV. Nonlinear Studies, 23(4).

Gariya, N., Prasad, B., Panwar, V., & Kumar, P. (2020). Vibrational Analysis of Conducting Nanocomposite Actuator. Journal of Graphic Era University, 8(1), 42–48.

Kuantama, E., Craciun, D., Tarca, I., & Tarca, R. (2017). Quadcopter propeller design and performance analysis. In New Advances in Mechanisms, Mechanical Transmissions and Robotics (pp. 269–277). Springer, Cham.

Kumar, S., & Mishra, P. C. (2016). Finite element modeling for structural strength of quadcoptor type multi mode vehicle. Aerospace Science and Technology, 53, 252–266.

Martinetti, A., Margaryan, M., & van Dongen, L. (2018). Simulating mechanical stress on a micro Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) body frame for selecting maintenance actions. Procedia manufacturing, 16, 61–66.

Penkov, I., & Aleksandrov, D. (2017). Propeller shrouding influence on lift force of mini unmanned quadcopter. International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering, 14, 4486–4495.

Subudhi, C. S., & Ezhilarasi, D. (2018). Modeling and trajectory tracking with cascaded PD controller for quadrotor. Procedia computer science, 133, 952–959.

Singh, R., Kumar, R., Mishra, A., & Agarwal, A. (2020). Structural Analysis of Quadcopter Frame. Materials Today: Proceedings, 22, 3320–3329.

Xiu, H., Xu, T., Jones, A. H., Wei, G., & Ren, L. (2017, December). A reconfigurable quadcopter with foldable rotor arms and a deployable carrier. In 2017 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics (ROBIO) (pp. 1412–1417). IEEE.

Published
2021-06-09
Section
Articles