Smart City Development in Nordic Medium-sized Municipalities

  • Ida Cathrine Ringdal Lindtvedt Telenor Research and Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
  • Ragnhild Skirdal Frøhaug Telenor Research and Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
  • Per Jonny Nesse Telenor Research and Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
Keywords: Smart city development, Smart city governance, Contextual factors, Municipality, Nordic Region

Abstract

The Nordic countries stand out as digital frontrunners in Europe as well as in a global perspective. However, smart city development in medium-sized municipalities in the Nordic region is less researched than large Nordic cities. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to study how medium- sized municipalities in the Nordic region are organized for smart city development, and how the development is influenced by contextual factors. Data has been collected through interviews of smart city and digitalization leaders in medium-sized municipalities in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, as well as secondary data in the form of strategy documents, statistics and reports. The analytical approach is multiple case study analysis where the selected case-municipalities are analyzed and compared in terms of understanding of the smart city concept, smart city governance, resources and collaboration. Our findings indicate that there are great variations in the maturity of smart city development in medium-sized municipalities in the Nordic region. The findings indicate that successful implementation of smart city projects is related to a structured organizational setup, clear goals and strategies, support from a strategic facilitator and focus on project scaling. Further, the findings suggest that the contextual factors local autonomy, local conditions and the country-level approach to public innovation influence smart city development. The paper provides originality and value by identifying characteristics on how smart city development is organized in medium-sized municipalities across Nordic countries, and how the development is influenced by contextual factors.

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Author Biographies

Ida Cathrine Ringdal Lindtvedt, Telenor Research and Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

Ida Cathrine Ringdal Lindtvedt holds a Master of Science from the Norwegian University of Technology Management. She is specialized in strategic business development and project management. In addition, she has a technological specialization within naval architecture to obtain unique knowledge in regards to technology, finance and management.

Ragnhild Skirdal Frøhaug, Telenor Research and Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

Ragnhild Skirdal Frøhaug holds a Master of Science from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology in Industrial Economics and Technology Management. She is specialized in strategy and international business development. In addition, she has a technological specialization within computer science and artificial intelligence. Through her degree, she has obtained knowledge in both technology, finance and management.

Per Jonny Nesse, Telenor Research and Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

Per Jonny Nesse is senior research scientist at Telenor Research. He is specialized in service innovation management, financial analysis and entrepreneurship. He has extensive experience from managing research and innovation projects in Telenor and EU research programs with international enterprises and universities. Nesse holds a Ph.D from Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) and a Master of Science in Business from Nord University in Norway. Nesse is also Associate Professor at NTNU, Industrial Economics and Technology Management department. Nesse has published scientific articles in journals such as International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, Journal of Information Technology and Management and European Journal of Operational Research.

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2021-05-22
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