What Factors Cause Weak Industrial Energy Management Practices?

  • Naseha Wafa Qammar Department of Energy Management and Sustainability, US- Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, 25100, Pakistan
  • Zohaib Ur Rehman Afridi Department of Energy Management and Sustainability, US- Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, 25100, Pakistan
  • Shamaima Wafa Qammar Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, 25100, Pakistan
  • Fazal Muhammad Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering Technology, Mardan 23200, Pakistan
  • Farman Ali Department of Electrical Engineering, Qurtuba University of Science and IT, D.I.Khan, Pakistan
  • Nasim Ullah Department of Electrical Engineering, Taif University Saudi Arabia
Keywords: Industries, Management, Economic Growth, Energy Efficiency

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the ongoing energy management and energy efficiency practices in the industries of Peshawar division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The outcomes of this research shows that Khazana Sugar Mills, Caliph Pharmaceutical, Naguman Flour Mill have no or low awareness of energy management practices (awareness level mainly includes barriers to energy efficiency and drivers for energy efficiency) except FF steel mill. The major paces observed in lacking the awareness are (1) “understanding level of staff and workers about energy savings due to energy management practices” (2) “interest level of top managers for energy management implementation” (3) “awareness level regarding energy efficiency” (4) “lack of technical competence” (5) “use of standardized procedures”. When the industry managers were inquired about the relationship with energy service providers it is found that there is absolute absence of energy engineers, relationship with energy consultancies and long-term energy strategy in all the industries. It was also found that there is lack of using renewable energy technologies in all industries as they were relying upon using the generators during the blackout hours. In terms of percentage, the energy saving factor of 36 kWh/day has also observed with the replacement of fluorescent tube lights with light emitting diode (LED) tube lights. Proper maintenance and energy management practices in the heating, ventilation and air conditioning system (HVAC) would also save energy in a significant amount. The study shows that there is an overall improvement factor of 4% to 8% if the inclusion of energy management and energy efficiency practices would have been applied in all the stated industries.

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Author Biographies

Naseha Wafa Qammar, Department of Energy Management and Sustainability, US- Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, 25100, Pakistan

Naseha Wafa Qammar is a lecturer at department of Electrical Engineering at the City University of Science Information & Technology, Pakistan. She obtained her M.Sc. degree in Energy Management and Sustainability. Her research focuses on energy management in energy-consumption sectors, sustainability and the environment, renewable energy resources, and energy policy.

Zohaib Ur Rehman Afridi, Department of Energy Management and Sustainability, US- Pakistan Center for Advanced Studies in Energy, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, 25100, Pakistan

Zohaib Ur Rehman Afridi is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Energy Management and Sustainability of the University of Engineering and Technology Peshawar, Pakistan. He obtained his Ph.D. in Environmental Science and Engineering from Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, and has several publications in international journals. His research interest focuses on waste to energy, anaerobic digestion, wastewater treatment, energy management, and sustainability in policy making.

Shamaima Wafa Qammar, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, 25100, Pakistan

Shamaima Wafa Qammar is a student at the department of Civil Engineering at the University of Engineering & Technology, Pakistan. Her study focus and research interests are in the understanding and development of sustainable civil engineering designs.

Fazal Muhammad, Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Engineering Technology, Mardan 23200, Pakistan

Fazal Muhammad received the B.Sc. and M.S. degrees in Electrical Engineering from the University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan, in 2004 and 2007, respectively, and the Ph.D. degree from the GhulamIshaq Khan Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Topi, Pakistan, in 2017. In 2017, he joined the City University of Science and Information Technology, Peshawar, as an Assistant Professor. His research is focused on the modeling and analysis of heterogeneous cellular networks using tools from stochastic geometry, point process theory, and spatial statistics. His other research interests include interference channels, cognitive radio networks, and optical networks.

Farman Ali, Department of Electrical Engineering, Qurtuba University of Science and IT, D.I.Khan, Pakistan

Farman Ali did his B.Sc. and MS in Electrical Engineering from Sarhad University of Information Technologies Peshawar in Electrical Engineering in 2011 and 2014, and the Ph.D. degree from the Iqra National University, Peshawar, Pakistan in 2019. Currently he is working as Assistant Professor and ORIC in-charge at Qurtuba University of Science and IT, Pakistan. His research area is Long haul Optical Networks, Smart Grid, Power Generation and Distribution and nonlinear issues in optical communications.

Nasim Ullah, Department of Electrical Engineering, Taif University Saudi Arabia

Nasim Ullah received the Ph.D. degree in Mechatronics Engineering from Beihang University, Beijing, China, in 2013. From 2006 to 2010, he was a Senior Design Engineer with IICS, Pakistan. He is currently an Associate Professor of electrical engineering with Taif University KSA. He is registered as a Member of IEEE. He is also working as an Associate Editor with IEEE Access. His research interests include flight control systems, integer and fractional order modeling of dynamic systems, integer/fractional order adaptive robust control methods, fuzzy/NN, hydraulic and electrical servos, epidemic,renewable energy and vaccination control strategies.

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Published
2021-04-08
Section
Articles