Optimal Wireless Technology Selection Approach for Sustainable Indian Smart Grid
The smart grid is playing a game-changing role in achieving clean and green energy, infrastructure, and cities, which are all part of the sustainable development goals. The significance of communication infrastructure in the reliable design and operation of the smart grid is well recognized, notably for renewable integration, facilitating distributed energy resources and storage, demand response, and energy efficiency. Since choosing the optimal communication technology is a strategic decision, the problem needs careful investigation, taking into account realistic data traffic estimates to fulfill the communication needs of the applications envisaged. Even though a vast array of technologies with diverse capabilities is available to meet such communication needs, choosing the optimal wireless technology for a smart grid project remains a difficult challenge. In this context, to achieve and maximize the benefits of the smart grid and its applications, a systematic and efficient approach is necessary. This study proposes a data-driven decision-making approach for evaluating the capabilities of viable wireless technology options and selecting the most suitable option for the smart grid project at the design phase. The suggested approach and the decision-support tool were developed using a cost-function-based optimization technique. A case study of Siliguri city Indian smart grid pilot is discussed to validate the potential and aptness of the presented approach and suggest better technology alternatives as replacements. Being field data-driven, the presented optimization approach is simple, customizable, strategic, and re-usable with practical efficacy to assist decision-making.
M. P. Bhandari and K. Bhattrai, “Institutional Architecture For Sustainable Development (SD): A Case Study from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Pakistan,” Socioecon. Challenges, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 6–21, 2017.
R. T. Devereaux, “Unplugging the Grid: Energy Surety via Wireless Power,” Strateg. Plan. Energy Environ., vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 7–16, 2018.
S. H. Kulkarni and T. R. Anil, “Renewable Energy in India—Barriers to Wind Energy,” Strateg. Plan. Energy Environ., vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 40–69, 2018.
A. Misra, G. Venkataramani, S. Gowrishankar, E. Ayyasam, and V. Ramalingam, “Renewable Energy Based Smart Microgrids—A Pathway To Green Port Development,” Strateg. Plan. Energy Environ., vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 17–32, 2017.
N. Vukovic, U. Koriugina, D. Illarionova, D. Pankratova, P. Kiseleva, and A. Gontareva, “Towards Smart Green Cities-Analysis of Integrated Renewable Energy Use in Smart Cities,” Strateg. Plan. Energy Environ., vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 75–94, 2021.
J. Bhatt and O. Jani, “Smart Grid: Energy Backbone of Smart City and e-Democracy,” in E-Democracy for Smart Cities, Springer Singapore, 2016, pp. 319–366.
National Smart Grid Mission (NSGM), “SG Projects |National Smart Grid Mission, Ministry of Power, Government of India, Siliguri, West Bengal,” 2021. [Online]. Available: https://www.nsgm.gov.in/sg-projects/WBSEDCL, West Bengal. [Accessed: 16-Jul-2021].
J. Bhatt, V. Shah, and O. Jani, “An Instrumentation Engineer’s Review on Smart Grid: Critical Applications and Parameters,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 40, pp. 1217–1239, 2014.
P. Matoušek, O. Ryšavý, M. Grégr, and V. Havlena, “Flow based monitoring of ICS communication in the smart grid,” J. Inf. Secur. Appl., vol. 54, 2020.
A. E. Labrador Rivas and T. Abrão, “Faults in smart grid systems: Monitoring, detection and classification,” Electr. Power Syst. Res., vol. 189, no. May, p. 106602, 2020.
L. Das, S. Munikoti, B. Natarajan, and B. Srinivasan, “Measuring smart grid resilience: Methods, challenges and opportunities,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 130, no. May, p. 109918, 2020.
G. Dileep, “A survey on smart grid technologies and applications,” Renew. Energy, vol. 146, pp. 2589–2625, 2020.
D. K. Panda and S. Das, “Smart Grid Architecture Model for Control, Optimization and Data Analytics of Future Power Networks with More Renewable Energy,” J. Clean. Prod., p. 126877, 2021.
S. Nižetić, P. Šolić, D. López-de-Ipiña González-de-Artaza, and L. Patrono, “Internet of Things (IoT): Opportunities, issues and challenges towards a smart and sustainable future,” J. Clean. Prod., vol. 274, 2020.
F. E. Abrahamsen, Y. Ai, and M. Cheffena, “Communication Technologies for Smart Grid: A Comprehensive Survey,” arXiv Prepr. arXiv2103.11657, no. March, pp. 1–26, 2021.
USA Department of Energy, “Communications Requirements of smart grid technologies,” 2010.
M. Kuzlu, M. Pipattanasompom, and S. Rahman, “A comprehensive review of smart grid related standards and protocols,” in ICSG 2017 – 5th International Istanbul Smart Grids and Cities Congress and Fair, 2017, pp. 12–16.
R. H. Khan and J. Y. Khan, “A comprehensive review of the application characteristics and traffic requirements of a smart grid communications network,” Comput. Networks, vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 825–845, 2013.
V. C. Gungor et al., “A Survey on Smart Grid Potential Applications and Communication Requirements,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Informatics, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 28–42, 2013.
M. Kuzlu, M. Pipattanasomporn, and S. Rahman, “Communication network requirements for major smart grid applications in HAN, NAN and WAN,” Comput. Networks, vol. 67, no. July, pp. 74–88, 2014.
K. Ahuja, B. Singh, and R. Khanna, “Network Selection in Wireless Heterogeneous Environment Based on Available Bandwidth Estimation,” Recent Adv. Comput. Sci. Commun., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 1030–1039, 2021.
S. R. Salkuti, “Challenges, issues and opportunities for the development of smart grid,” Int. J. Electr. Comput. Eng., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 1179–1186, 2020.
O. Majeed Butt, M. Zulqarnain, and T. Majeed Butt, “Recent advancement in smart grid technology: Future prospects in the electrical power network,” Ain Shams Eng. J., vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 687–695, 2021.
V. Kouhdaragh, “Optimization of Smart Grid Communication Network in a Het-Net Environment Using a Cost Function,” J. Telecommun., vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2016.
J. Bhatt, O. Jani, and V. S. K. V Harish, “Development of an assessment tool to review Communication Technologies for Smart Grid in India,” in 1st International Conference on Innovations in Clean Energy Technologies (ICET-2020), 2020, pp. 1–11.
S. Banerjee, S. Mondal, P. Chatterjee, and A. K. Pramanick, “An intercriteria correlation model for sustainable automotive body material selection,” J. Ind. Eng. Decis. Mak., vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 8–14, 2021.
M. Kuzlu and M. Pipattanasomporn, “Assessment of communication technologies and network requirements for different smart grid applications,” in 2013 IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference, ISGT 2013, 2013, pp. 1–6.