Methodological Framework for the Quantification of GHG Emission Reductions from Climate Change Mitigation Actions

  • Ioannis Sebos School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Zografou Campus, 9 Heroon Polytechniou Street, 15780, Zografou, Greece https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4800-6893
  • Athena G. Progiou Physicist D.E.A., AXON Enviro-Group Ltd., 18 Troias str., 11257 Athens, Greece
  • Leonidas Kallinikos School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Zografou Campus, 9 Heroon Polytechniou Street, 15780, Zografou, Greece
Keywords: Climate change, greenhouse gas emissions, mitigation actions, assessment of the effect of policies and measures

Abstract

The quantification of the effect of climate change mitigation actions is a very useful exercise that can be used to meet a variety of objectives, such as informing policy design, enhancing policy implementation, assessing policy effectiveness, justifying budget allocation, and attracting climate finance. It is also a reporting requirement according to the reporting framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Monitoring Mechanism Regulation of the European Union (EU) about climate change relevant information. However, the reporting of emissions savings associated to mitigation actions by EU Member States is not complete, according to recent technical reports of the European Environmental Agency. The purpose of this paper is to present a methodological framework that can be used to quantify the effect (i.e. emission reductions) of the mitigation actions. It is based on comprehensive and transparent models and formulas that could be easily tracked and reproduced. The proposed framework could be easily applied by EU Member States, but also by other non-EU countries, to enhance the reporting of climate change related information to European Commission and UN bodies. By applying the methodological framework for Greece, as a case study, it was possible to estimate the effect of implemented policies and measures for historical years (ex-post analysis), but also to estimate the projected effect (ex-ante analysis) of implemented, adopted and planned policies for future years (e.g. 2030).

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Author Biographies

Ioannis Sebos, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Zografou Campus, 9 Heroon Polytechniou Street, 15780, Zografou, Greece

Ioannis Sebos (or Sempos) works as a Teaching and Research Associate at National Technical University (NTUA). He also serves as the scientific responsible and coordinator of the Greenhouse Gas Inventory System of Greece. He is a Lead Reviewer of UNFCCC and EEA/EC. He is also a lecturer at the Master Program “Applied Policies and Techniques for the Protection of Environment” of the University of West Attica and adjunct professor at Master Program “Environmental Design” of the Hellenic Open University. Furthermore, he has participated in many technical projects dealing with: inventories of gaseous emissions, solid and liquid waste, renewable energy, climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies and policies, industrial risk assessment and land use planning, etc. He has more than 5 years working experience in various industries, including cement industry, construction industry, third party logistics, etc. He is also an Assessor for Certification Bodies of Quality Management, Safety and Environmental Systems of the Hellenic Association System (ESYD). He is the author of more than 30 articles in peer-reviewed journals and/or presentations in scientific conferences.

Athena G. Progiou, Physicist D.E.A., AXON Enviro-Group Ltd., 18 Troias str., 11257 Athens, Greece

Athena G. Progiou has studied Physics and possesses a D.E.A. in Chemistry of the Atmospheric Pollution and Environmental Physics and a PhD in the field of environmental engineering. She has an important experience through her participation in more than 100 environmental national and European projects with emphasis on atmospheric pollution and climate change. She was evaluator for the 7th Framework Program and for the Horizon 2020 Program proposals, monitor for Horizon projects as well as reviewer in scientific journals in the fields of her expertise. She has 50 publications in peer reviewed journals and conferences. Currently, she is the coordinator of the EU project “Integrated approach for exposure and health effects monitoring of engineered nanomaterials in workplaces and urban areas”.

Leonidas Kallinikos, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, Zografou Campus, 9 Heroon Polytechniou Street, 15780, Zografou, Greece

Leonidas Kallinikos is a key member of the NTUA Team that runs the National Greenhouse Gas Inventory System. He has thirteen years of professional experience in scientific projects related to energy, environment and emissions from agriculture and waste sectors. Moreover, he has participated in several projects as a process engineer carrying out activities related to detailed design works, front end design, debottlenecking, process and feasibility studies for several refineries and other big chemical factories. He has extensive technical experience in data management, emission estimation and development of mathematical simulation models using various programming languages and relevant software. He has 11 publications in peer-reviewed international journals, while his Phd thesis was awarded as the best experimental doctoral thesis of the School of Chemical Engineering – NTUA for 2010 (“Stamos Stournas” Award).

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Published
2021-06-10
Section
Articles